Wednesday, May 12, 2021

Review: Star Frontiers, Alpha Dawn and Knight Hawks

Star Frontiers, First Edition
Gamma World might have been TSR's first big entry into sci-fi gaming (Warriors of Mars and Metamorphasis Alpha non-withstanding), but it was not their biggest.  While I don't have any hard numbers in front of me, I am going to have to say that Star Frontiers edges out the later Alternity in terms of popularity.  It was certainly built at the height of TSR's fame with the first edition, simply Star Frontiers, published in 1982 with the new edition and trade-dress Star Frontiers: Alpha Dawn and Star Frontiers: Knight Hawks.

Certainly, in terms of fans, Star Frontiers has Alternity beat.  But more on that soon.

For this review, I am considering the PDFs and Print on Demand versions of both Star Frontiers: Alpha Dawn and Star Frontiers: Knight Hawks. I am also going to go with my recollections of playing the game when it first came out.

The Alpha Dawn book is designed by "TSR Staff Writers" but we know ow that a huge bulk of the work was done by David "Zeb" Cook and Lawrence Schick.  Knight Hawks was designed primarily by Douglas Niles.  The cover art in both cases was done by Larry Elmore with interior art by Elmore and Jim Holloway with contributions by Jeff Easley, Tim Truman, and even some Dave Trampier.  Keith Parkinson would go on to do some other covers in line as well.  

While originally boxed sets (gotta love the early 1980s for that!) the PDFs break all the components down into separate files. Handy when you go to print the counters or the maps.  The Print on Demand versions put all the files together into an attractive soft-cover book for each game.  The maps are published in the back, but you will want to print them out for use. 

Star Frontiers, Print on Demand

Both books are easy to read and really nice.  They have been some of my favorite Print on Demand purchases ever.

Let's look into both games.

Star Frontiers: Alpha Dawn
Star Frontiers: Alpha Dawn

Alpha Dawn is the original Star Frontiers game.  The box game with two books, a Basic and Expanded game rules, some maps, counters, and two 10-sided dice.  The rules indicate that one is "dark" and the other "light" to help when rolling percentages, but mine were red and blue.  Go figure.

The Basic Game is a 16-page book/pdf that gives you the very basics of character creation.  There are four stat pairs, Strength/Stamina, Dexterity/Reaction Speed, Intelligence/Logic, and Personality/Leadership.  These are scored on a 0 to 100 scale, but the PCs will fall between 30 and 70.  Higher is better. These can be adjusted by species and each individual score can also be changed or shifted. 

The four species are humans, the insect-like Vrusk, the morphic Dralasites, and the ape-like Yazirian. Each species of course has its own specialties and quirks.  I rather liked the Dralasites (whom I always pronounced as "Drasalites") because they seemed the oddest and they had a weird sense of humor. 

We are also introduced to the worm-like Sathar. These guys are the enemies of the UPF (United Planetary Federation) and are not player-characters. 

The basics of combat, movement, and some equipment are given.  There is enough here to keep you going for bit honestly, but certainly, you will want to do more.  We move on then to the Expanded rules.

The Expanded Rules cover the same ground but now we get more details on our four species and the Sathar.  Simple ability checks are covered, roll d% against an ability and match it or roll under.

Characters also have a wide variety of skills that can be suited to any species, though some are better than others, Vrusk for example are a logical race and gain a bonus for that.  Skills are attached to abilities so now you roll against an ability/skill to accomplish something.  Skills are broken down into broad categories or careers; Military, Tech, and Bio/Social. 

Movement is covered and I am happy to say that even in 1982 SF had the good sense to go metric here. 

There are two combat sections, personal and vehicle.  These are not starships, not yet anyway, and were a lot of hovercars and gyro-jet guns. 

There is a section on creatures and how to make creatures. I am afraid I took that section a little too close to heart and most of my SF games ended up being "D&D in Space" with the planets being used as large dungeons.

The background material in the Frontier Society though is great stuff. I immediately got a good just of what was going on here and what this part of the galaxy was like.  While Earth was never mentioned, you could almost imagine it was out there somewhere. Either as the center of UPF (Star Trek) or far away, waiting to be found (Battlestar Galactica).  

This book also includes the adventure SF-0: Crash on Volturnus.

When it comes to sci-fi some of the rules have not aged as well. Computers still feel very limited, but the idea that as we approach the speed of light we can enter The Void has its appeal.  

Star Frontiers: Knight Hawks
Star Frontiers: Knight Hawks

Ah. Now this game.  Star Frontiers was great, but this game felt like something different. Something "not D&D" to me.

In fact I have often wondered if Knight Hawks had not been a separate game in development by Douglas Niles that they later brought into the Star Frontiers line. I also think that TSR was also suffering a little bit of what I call "Traveller Envy" since this can be used as an expansion, a standalone RPG, and as a board game!

Like Alpha Dawn, this game is split into four sections.  There is a "Basic" game, and "Advanced" or "Expansion" rules (and the bulk of the book), an adventure, "The Warriors of White Light", and all the counters and maps.

As far as maps go, that hex map of empty space is still one of my favorites and fills me with anticipation of worlds to come. 

The PDF version splits all this into four files for ease of printing or reading.  The Print on Demand book is gorgeous really.  Yes...the art is still largely black and white and the maps and counters are pretty much useless save as references, but still. I flip through the book and I want to fire up the engines of my characters' stolen Corvette, the FTL Lightspeed Lucifer. Complete with the onboard computer they named Frodo.

The Basic rules cover things like ship movement, acceleration, and turning, along with ship-to-ship combat.  By itself, you have the rules for a good ship combat board game. It works fine as long as you don't mind keeping your frame of reference limited to two-dimensional space. 

The Expanded rules tie this all a little closer to the Alpha Dawn rules, but I still get the feeling that this may have started out as a different sort of game that was later brought into the fold of Star Frontiers.  

Ships are largely built and there is a character creation feel to this.  Their 80's roots are showing, no not like that, but in that, the best engines you can get for a starship are atomic fission.  Of course, no one just gets a starship, you have to buy it and that often means taking out a loan or doing a bunch of odd jobs to raise the credits. Often both.  I don't think I ever actually bought a ship. The Lucifer was stolen.

There is also quite a bit on the planets of the UPF, Frontier Space, and the worlds of the Sathar.  It really had kind of a "Wild West" meets the "Age of Sail" feel to it. 

The last part of the POD book is the adventure "The Warriors of White Light" with its various scenarios. 

Minus two d10s everything is here for an unlimited number of adventures in Frontier Space.  Rereading it now after so many years I can't help but dream up various new adventures. I also can't help to want to use the Sathar in some of my other Sci-fi games.  They have such untapped potential.

The price for these books is perfect.  Grab the PDF and POD combo.  Get some d10s, load your gyrojet gun and get ready to make the jump to the Void. There are new planets to discover!

Parts of Star Frontiers, in particular the species, would find new life in D20 Future, part of the D20 Modern line.

Both games are fun, but suffer from and/or benefit from the design principles of the time. Newer players might find some of the game elements dated. Older players of the games will find them nostalgic.  Personally reading through them now some 40 years after first reading them I get a lot more enjoyment from the rules.  Back then I was really too D&D focused to really enjoy what I had in front of me. Today, well I can't wait to stat up a character or two and a starship.

Star Frontiers on the Web

There are many places where Star Frontiers is alive and well. There used to be more, but my understanding is a predatory grab for the trademark by another RPG company caused Hasbro/WotC to exercise their legal rights and bring the game back in-house. While that did screw over the amazing work done by the fan sites, there are still many up and providing new material for the game.  

For these fans and sites, Star Frontiers never went away.


Dick McGee said...

Not sure I'd skip mentioning Gamma World as an example of earlier TSR scifi, but I suppose if you're disallowing Metamorphosis Alpha then GW is no better. Both are light on plausible science, but at least MA had a generation ship as a setting. Doesn't get more "80s scifi" to me than generational arks but to each their own.

That said, I can think of one resource you might want to add to your post, that being Ganesha Games' outstanding range of 28mm scale minis over at this link:

While they're decidedly unlicensed, there's never been a better set of Yazirian proxy minis made, and there are some other singleton figs that work for the other SF races. I have to assume mediocre sales have prevented them from returning to the project with new sculpts, but perhaps if the fans were more aware of them that might change. I can dream about seeing a range of modern Sathar, Vrusk, and Dralasite figs, if nothing else.

Particularly Sathar. You always need more bad guy minis than PC races. :)

Unknown said...

You are right, there is something about these that do just make you want to roll up characters isn't there? Thanks for showing these games some of the love they deserve.

Draconian said...

I love Star Frontiers. The game was designed to help players new to RPG with the "Basic Rules" introducer, including a small programmed adventure with those numbered paragraphs. The game was percentile and was approachable by kids, although there would be a number of situational modifiers to figure out an attack probability, so they were adding a lot of two-digit numbers together (usually half of the STR or DEX plus various modifiers in units of 5%, and add 10% per level of Skill which ran from 1-6). There were only 13 major skills in "Alpha Dawn" but each had Subskills which started at different base % chances of success.
If you applied yourself to learn it, you could run fast combat mixing melee, ranged, vehicle AND aerial combat in common six-second turns! Among experts it gave you furious soft-SF action!
The Knight Hawks clashed a bit with physics (if you know physics). Spaceships have a maneuver rating (MR) which means that with MR 3 they could turn 180° during a 10-minute turn REGARDLESS of their current speed. Why waste so much time slowing down to 0 and speeding up in the opposite direction if you can just do a 180° turn! Also you could put an Earth-sized planet in a 10,000 km hex, more or less, but the starbases orbiting closest to the planet, 20,000 km from the center of the world, were supposed to move one hex around the planet per turn. That is about 3 times faster than a real satellite orbits at that distance from an Earth-sized planet! In one way, this game was hard-SF: there was no anti-gravity technology so you did not accelerate forward like on the deck of a sailing ship. You accelerated UPWARDS, the ship had different decks or floors, and whatever acceleration in Gs you were moving at, your characters had to TAKE it! Each unit of acceleration was in fact 2.7 gees!
There was a supplement, Zebulon's Guide, which introduced far more skills, added more information on the Frontier, but also saddled the game with one of those colour-coded Action Tables that was imposed on all the boxed TSR games in the mid-80s. I did not particularly like that fad, but they were attempting to give you various interesting degrees of success which could be determined by a single roll and a comparison on the colour chart.
If you are looking for a new game that is inspired by some of the Star Frontiers rules (and, lo and behold, has humans and 3 alien species, and a crashed shuttle on the cover just like Star Frontiers), you can check out FrontierSpace RPG by DWD Studios.

Timothy S. Brannan said...

FrontierSpace does look cool!

I had many of the books of the course of time. I lost some of them in a few moves between college and various apartments. Glad that I can get them all again on PDF and Print on Demand.

Jonathan Linneman said...

Thanks for the in-depth look! Not being a gamer in my youth, I completely missed Star Frontiers the first time around. I keep running into it and wondering if I should pay more attention...this has made me realize that I need to give it a chance...!

Tom said...

I love Star Frontiers! I still pull it out every few years and run a session or two.

Knight Hawks we mostly used for a tabletop war game, because at the time we didn't really get how to run a game where your starting characters couldn't have high enough skills to run a ship. Part of it was that the Knight Hawks visual aesthetic leans more towards Star Wars while the rules and ethos lean towards older sci-fi like H. Beam Piper's Star Viking, books I hadn't been exposed to yet.

I really remember loving the Warriors of White Light stuff, especially the space battle with the pirates and the rules for setting up an asteroid belt battle, a la Empire Strikes Back. I must have played that battle a dozen times.

Unknown said...

Hello to you all . I have been playing this since it first came out . I was in 9th grade when it came out. I have many fond and good memories of some friends that I have not seen in decades playing Star frontiers. I can not tell you how cool it is for me to find others across the country still playing this. D and D were fun , but this game caught my imagination in a way d and d couldn't. Growing up watching buck Rodgers, Bsg, star weas and all the lot this was cool.